Research and Neurology

The interactive brain systems

How about the interactive brain systems 

(the magic of our brain complexity)

Hypnotic Thoughts

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Broadcasted by:  HypnoticThoughts


Hypnotist Paul RamsayPaul Ramsay

Paul Ramsay is a board certified hypnotist in private practice, hypnotizes over 1500 people per year, and tours as a stage hypnotist. For over 10 years, Paul Ramsay has been entertaining college and high school students as a stage hypnotist. In 2011, Paul introduced his exclusive interactive show called Mind Games. Paul’s video series Hypnotic shows a day in the life of a traveling stage hypnotist. Paul’s private practice is dedicated to helping individuals stop negative habits such as smoking, fingernail biting, and overeating. Ramsay’s private practice also offers customized, individual personal coaching programs to help his clients achieve their goals and maximize their potential. www.PaulRamsay.com

and

mani-saint-victorCognitive Neuroscientist Manuel Saint-Victor

M.D. Dr. Saint-Victor is Chief Neuroscientist at Mindful360, which he co-founded. Dr. Saint-Victor is focused on using a non-pathological approach to helping people get better by becoming more self-aware of their strengths and resources. Dr. Saint-Victor trained under Dr. Eva Ritvo, M.D. and Dr. Ray Ownby, M.D., MBA, Ph.D. as a Psychiatry Resident at Jackson Memorial Hospital; attended Medical School at UNC Chapel Hill School of Medicine; and conducted cognitive neuroscience research under the supervision of Stephen M. Kosslyn, Ph.D. as an undergraduate at Harvard University. Dr. Saint-Victor’s white paper about Core Value Alignment will be released in July 2014.

 

What is the Default Mode Network?

The default mode network (DMN) is a network of brain components active when during daydreaming, self-generated thought, and when not attending to outside stimuli.  Some neuroscientists theorize that the DMN is involved with the Freudian ego functions.   There is increasing evidence that moderation of thedefault mode network is the mechanism of hypnosis effects.

As stated in “Bringing Unconscious Thoughts to Awareness: Default Mode, Body Rhythms, and Hypnosis“, a study reviewing the changes induced by neurohypnosis and hypnotherapy:

sence of self

“The default mode network is vital to our sense of self and sense of agency, moral sensitivity, organizing memory to reconstruct the past, simulating the future such as inner rehearsal and daydreaming, and imagination such as free association, stream of consciousness, and taking other people’s perspective.”

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target

The Central Executive Network(CEN)

The Fronto-parietal Central Executive Network (CEN) handles inhibition, task switching, and updating.  It inhibits the default mode network, engages your conscious brain to think and maintains attention on a prioritized task.   It’s helpful to think of it as active when you put effort forth to keep your mind from wandering during a goal directed task.  Many psychiatric conditions including ADHD are associated with poor inhibitory regulation of DMN activation by the CEN.   The dance between the CEN and DMN are coordinated by the Salience Network which, based on the amount of relevant outside stimulus triggers a switch out of REST mode into cognitive functioning.

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The Salience Network

salience
The Salience network is made up of the anterior cingulate cortex and the insula.

Together they coordinate to monitor the conditions in the body for homeostasis (insula) from temperature, to pH, to pain, to hormonal discomfort and notify the anterior cingulate cortex.  You may recall that the ACC handles conflict.  Well, those would be the conflicts.

Also keep in mind that information coming in through the senses, including auditory, visual, and tactile are part of the data integrated by the insula

to much info

The autistic brain

Once the salience network is activated it modulates the default mode network.

It kicks the brain out of daydreaming, mind wandering,  and other self-referential behavior and into ready for action mode.

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focusDorsal Attention Network (DAN)

 

The Dorsal Attention Network increases attention to external stimuli based on goals and activated mental representations by increasing the salience of goal relevant stimuli.

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coldPolyvagal Theory

 

Polyvagal Theory doesn’t exactly fit into brain networks…but it does.  I’d like for you to stretch the network concept to include any system with a bunch of interacting nodes.  Polyvagal Theory explains the role of the vagus nerve (cranial nerve 10) in your social cognition.  In a nutshell, the vagal nerve has a dorsaland ventral branch. The dorsal branch is associated with lower vertebrate fight, flight, freeze behavior.

The ventral branch is associated with tend and befriend type responses to stress and allows continued use of facial micro-expressions and empathy.

Freeze

 

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Complex Trauma PTSD

How about the chemical brain balance

How about the chemical brain balance 

(the magic of our brain complexity)

Hypnotic Thoughts

.

Broadcasted by:  HypnoticThoughts


Hypnotist Paul Ramsay

 

Paul Ramsay

Paul Ramsay is a board certified hypnotist in private practice, hypnotizes over 1500 people per year, and tours as a stage hypnotist. For over 10 years, Paul Ramsay has been entertaining college and high school students as a stage hypnotist. In 2011, Paul introduced his exclusive interactive show called Mind Games. Paul’s video series Hypnotic shows a day in the life of a traveling stage hypnotist. Paul’s private practice is dedicated to helping individuals stop negative habits such as smoking, fingernail biting, and overeating. Ramsay’s private practice also offers customized, individual personal coaching programs to help his clients achieve their goals and maximize their potential. www.PaulRamsay.com

and
mani-saint-victor

Cognitive Neuroscientist Manuel Saint-Victor

M.D. Dr. Saint-Victor is Chief Neuroscientist at Mindful360, which he co-founded. Dr. Saint-Victor is focused on using a non-pathological approach to helping people get better by becoming more self-aware of their strengths and resources. Dr. Saint-Victor trained under Dr. Eva Ritvo, M.D. and Dr. Ray Ownby, M.D., MBA, Ph.D. as a Psychiatry Resident at Jackson Memorial Hospital; attended Medical School at UNC Chapel Hill School of Medicine; and conducted cognitive neuroscience research under the supervision of Stephen M. Kosslyn, Ph.D. as an undergraduate at Harvard University. Dr. Saint-Victor’s white paper about Core Value Alignment will be released in July 2014.

 

dopamine

What is Dopamine? Reward, Learning, and Flexibility

Dopamine is the neurotransmitter responsible for reward-based learning. It’s involved in compulsive behaviors and wanting (anticipation, craving) but not liking (pleasure).  Dopamine is made in the Substantia Nigra. dopamine pathway problems include addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, and schizophrenia.

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Serotonin

What is Serotonin? Resource Availability Central

Serotonin is about creating a subjective sense of resource availability.  In lower organisms, this could mean food.  In higher organisms, especially social organisms, this translates into availabilities for mating opportunities, socioeconomic position/dominance, and mood.  It also plays a role in appetite and sleep.   It is derived from tryptophan.  In addition to its role in your central nervous system serotonin is also active in your gut canal and in your platelets.  In fact, 95% of your serotonin is found in your bowels. This explains, in part, the bowel irritation associated with nervousness and stress.

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stress_cortisol
What is Cortisol?

Cortisol is your stress hormone.  It increases in your body to organize fight, flight, faint behavior.  This includes shutting down any systems not immediately needed for escape or combat, shutting down your immune system, and switching your brain to acting based on habits.

On a molecular level, a cortisol cascade shut down the connection that allows your prefrontal cortex to modulate your amygdala.  This sets the amygdala free to fire, signaling intense arousal.  At Mindful360, we discuss this effect in our Amygdala hijack series.

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Oxytocin-reflexjpg

 

What is Oxytocin? Trust Me, It’s a good one.

Oxytocin, often called the snuggle hormone, is better thought of as the neuromodulator of the attachment system.  It is associated with group bonding, empathy through narrative, breast-feeding, and that warm-fuzzy feeling after orgasm.  The dark side of oxytocin, sometimes called the mother-bear effect, is outgroup intolerance, and exclusivity.  The divider between the two effects us trust.

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orexinjpg

 


What is Orexin? Aroused yet?

Orexin, also known as hypocretin is all about energy, metabolism, and arousal.  Without it you may suffer from narcolepsy or drop fits when you laugh.  Some label it as being at the intersection of consciousness.  The best way to think of this is that your heart rate and breathing rate affect how you feel emotionally about everything else and orexin controls that.

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Complex Trauma PTSD

 

 

Some educational N€uro Brain cracking

Let’s do a little educational N€uro brain cracking 🙂

(the magic of our brain complexity)

Hypnotic Thoughts

.

Broadcasted by:  HypnoticThoughts


Paul RamsayHypnotist Paul Ramsay

 

Paul Ramsay is a board certified hypnotist in private practice, hypnotizes over 1500 people per year, and tours as a stage hypnotist. For over 10 years, Paul Ramsay has been entertaining college and high school students as a stage hypnotist. In 2011, Paul introduced his exclusive interactive show called Mind Games. Paul’s video series Hypnotic shows a day in the life of a traveling stage hypnotist. Paul’s private practice is dedicated to helping individuals stop negative habits such as smoking, fingernail biting, and overeating. Ramsay’s private practice also offers customized, individual personal coaching programs to help his clients achieve their goals and maximize their potential. www.PaulRamsay.com

and
mani-saint-victor

Cognitive Neuroscientist Manuel Saint-Victor

M.D. Dr. Saint-Victor is Chief Neuroscientist at Mindful360, which he co-founded. Dr. Saint-Victor is focused on using a non-pathological approach to helping people get better by becoming more self-aware of their strengths and resources. Dr. Saint-Victor trained under Dr. Eva Ritvo, M.D. and Dr. Ray Ownby, M.D., MBA, Ph.D. as a Psychiatry Resident at Jackson Memorial Hospital; attended Medical School at UNC Chapel Hill School of Medicine; and conducted cognitive neuroscience research under the supervision of Stephen M. Kosslyn, Ph.D. as an undergraduate at Harvard University. Dr. Saint-Victor’s white paper about Core Value Alignment will be released in July 2014.

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amygdala

What is the Amygdala? What Does it Do?

The amygdala, part of the brain’s limbic system, is the integration site of emotional learning. It sits in front of and connected to your hippocampus (the seat of episodic and autobiographical memory). Although you often hear it associated with fear, the amygdala is also involved in pleasurable emotions. If you’re experiencing intense emotions you can bet that your amygdala is active. Without it you would have what’s called a flat affect. You would not make the connections between dangerous signs or social situations and the anxiety that motivates you to act.

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pre frontal cortex

 

What is the Pre-Frontal Cortex?

The Prefrontal Cortex is the site of executive function, social functioning, decision-making. The cortex, which means “bark” in latin is where you represent the value of decisions. You represent your goal-directed behaviors and impulse control here.

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hippocampus

 

What is the Hippocampus?

The hippocampus, named for its seahorse-like shape, is the site of episodic and autobiographical memory. Memories with “What, where, when” components are woven into narrative form thanks to the hippocampus. It also manages spatial navigation and combines previous memories with new events to create novel precepts.

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Insular Cortex

 

What is the Insular Cortex?

The insula is the site of integration of the signals from the rest of your body systems. We often refer to this sense as interoception. Think of it as your Spidey sense.
In that way, the insula is the seat of consciousness, your sense of self, managing homeostasis (your internal chemical, temperature, immune and emotional balance). It also calculates your social emotions based on your body sensations. Next time you have a gut feeling about someone or you get goosebumps during a scary scene to go with the chills down your back…thank your Insula.

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Anterior Cingulate Cortex
Pay Attention!
What is the Anterior Cingulate Cortex?

Got conflict?
The anterior cingulate cortex is the place in your brain that monitors errors, surprises, and violated expectations. It fires off when you do something as simple as write a sentence that you disagree with. It’s not your moral center of your brain. It just manages expectations in a way. It’s simplest to think of it as the alert function in your brain. When it’s time to divert your attention and bring something into conscious awareness, that’s your ACC at work. In labs we would watch for findings in the event-related potential(ERP) like Error-related negativity.

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